Phytoremediation of Urban Brownfields: a Case for Industrial Hemp
- By qwerty1337
- Sep 6, 2012
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Phytoremediation of Urban Brownfields:
A Case for Industrial Hemp
By: Jeff Lemon Thursday, June 21, 2012
Page 2 Page 4
A Case for Industrial Hemp?
There are a number of reasons why we should care about brownfields. From encouraging urban sprawl through the ‘development’ of greenfields to their environmental impacts on soil, air and ground water, these properties are a drain upon the urban environment. Redevelopment of brownfields are complicated by the potential contamination of hazardous waste, heavy metals and pollution that has been left behind in the soil. Although this land can be used once the soil has been cleaned, landowners are not financially incentivized to do so and inevitably ‘sit’ on these properties due to the current tax policies. The last decade has spawned a number of methods of remediating these potentially contaminated properties. One approach that has been gaining a lot of press of late, is phytoremediation. This approach to brownfield remediation works in favour for all the stakeholders involved. For the landowner, bioremediation not only offers a cheap solution to the decontamination of their land, but it also allows them to continue to utilize current tax incentives by creating a ‘green space’. For the urban farmer, phytoremediation gives the urban farmer access to valuable land, while allowing for the potential cultivation of certain cash crops. With the number of brownfields in Metro Vancouver growing, it is imperative to understand how increasing awareness and responsible redevelopment can transform environmentally damaged properties into productive lands, which can result in environmental, economic and social community benefits.
Purpose of Research
The purpose of this report is to examine the benefits of using industrial hemp as a potential cash crop in the practices of phytoremediation for the reclamation of Vancouver’s urban brownfields. Through…
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Topics in this document
Brownfield land , Phytoremediation , Environmental remediation , Bioremediation , Urban agriculture , Hemp , Groundwater , Pollution , Urban sprawl , Affordable housing , Ministry of Environment (South Korea) , Wetland , Soil , Water resources , Heavy metal (chemistry)
In an article on April 13, I used the so-called Civil War and the myths with which court historians have encumbered that war to show how history is falsified in order to serve agendas. I pointed out that it was a war of secession, not a civil war as the South was not fighting the North for control of the government in Washington. As for the matter of slavery, all of Lincoln’s statements prove that he was neither for the blacks nor against slavery.
Yet he has been turned into a civil rights hero, and a war of northern aggression, whose purpose Lincoln stated over and over was “to preserve the union” (the empire), has been converted into a war to free the slaves.
As for the Emancipation Proclamation, Lincoln said it was “a practical war measure” that would help in defeating the South and would convince Europe, which was considering recognizing the Confederacy, that Washington was motivated by “something more than ambition.” The proclamation only freed slaves in the Confederacy, not in the Union. As Lincoln’s Secretary of State put it: “we emancipated slaves where we cannot reach them and hold them in bondage where we can set them free.”
A few readers took exception to the truth and misconstrued a statement of historical facts as a racist defense of slavery. In the article below, the well-known African-American, Walter Williams, points out that the war was about money, not slavery. Just as Jews who tell the truth about Israel’s policies are called “self-hating Jews,” will Walter Williams be called a “self-hating black?” Invective is used as a defense against truth.
Racist explanations can be very misleading. For example, it is now a given that the police are racists because they kill without cause black Americans and almost always get away with it. Here is a case of a true fact being dangerously misconstrued. In actual fact, the police kill more whites than blacks, and they get away with these murders also. So how is race the explanation?
The real explanation is that the police have been militarized and trained to view the public as enemy who must first be subdued with force and then questioned. This is the reason that so many innocent people, of every race, are brutalized and killed. No doubt some police are racists, but overall their attitude toward the public is a brutal attitude toward all races, genders, and ages. The police are a danger to everyone, not only to blacks.
We see the same kind of mistake made with the Confederate Battle Flag. Reading some of the accounts of the recent Charleston church shootings, I got the impression that the Confederate Battle Flag, not Dylann Roof, was responsible for the murders. Those declaring the flag to be a “symbol of hate” might be correct. Possibly it is a symbol of their hatred of the “white South,” a hatred that dates from the mischaracterization of what is called the “Civil War.” As one commentator pointed out, if flying over slavery for four years makes the Confederate flag a symbol of hate, what does that make the U.S. flag, which flew over slavery for 88 years?
Flags on a battlefield are information devices to show soldiers where their lines are. In the days of black powder, battles produced enormous clouds of smoke that obscured the line between opposing forces. In the first battle of Bull Run confusion resulted from the similarity of the flags. Thus, the Confederate Battle Flag was born. It had nothing to do with hate.
Americans born into the centralized state are unaware that their forebears regarded themselves principally as residents of states, and not as Americans. Their loyalty was to their state. When Robert E. Lee was offered command in the Union Army, he declined on the grounds that he was a Virginian and could not go to war against his native country of Virginia.
A nonsensical myth has been created that Southerners made blacks into slaves because Southerners are racist. The fact of the matter is that slaves were brought to the new world as a labor force for large scale agriculture. The first slaves were whites sentenced to slavery under European penal codes. Encyclopedia Virginia reports that “convict laborers could be purchased for a lower price than indentured white or enslaved African laborers, and because they already existed outside society’s rules, they could be more easily exploited.”
White slavery also took the form of indentured servants in which whites served under contract as slaves for a limited time. Native Indians were enslaved. But whites and native Indians proved to be unsatisfactory labor forces for large scale agriculture. The whites had no resistance to malaria and yellow fever. It was discovered that some Africans did, and Africans were also accustomed to hot climates. Favored by superior survivability, Africans became the labor force of choice.
Slaves were more prominent in the Southern colonies than in the north, because the land in the South was more suitable for large scale agriculture. By the time of the American Revolution, the South was specialized in agriculture, and slavery was an inherited institution that long pre-dated both the United States and the Confederate States of America. The percentage of slave owners in the population was very small, because slavery was associated with large land holdings that produced export crops.
The motive behind slavery was to have a labor force in order to exploit the land. Those with large land holdings wanted labor and did not care about its color. Trial and error revealed that some Africans had superior survivability to malaria, and thus Africans became the labor force of choice. There was no free labor market. The expanding frontier offered poor whites land of their own, which they preferred to wages as agricultural workers.
A racist explanation of slavery and the Confederacy satisfies some agendas, but it is ahistorical.
Explanations are not justifications. Every institution, every vice, every virtue, and language itself has roots. Every institution and every cause has vested interests defending them. There have been a few efforts, such as the French Revolution and the Bolshevik Revolution, to remake the world in a day by casting off all existing institutions, but these attempts came a cropper.
Constant charges of racism can both create and perpetuate racism, just as the constant propaganda out of Washington is creating Islamophobia and Russophobia in the American population. We should be careful about the words we use and reject agenda-driven explanations.
Readers are forever asking me, “what can we do.” The answer is always the same. We can’t do anything unless we are informed.
PLEASE CONTINUE READING…
The Industrial Hemp Farming Act, S.134, only has nine (9) cosponsors and "VOTE HEMP" needs signatures now!
The Industrial Hemp Farming Act, S.134, only has nine (9) cosponsors. The most recent cosponsors are Senator Bennett (D-CO), Senator Tester (D-MT) and Senator Baldwin (D-WI). We are grateful for their support but we need many more.
This important legislation would greatly benefit opportunities in terms of jobs and economic development in legal hemp states by removing industrial hemp from the Controlled Substances Act.
Together we can pass this legislation, but we need your support today. Add your name to show the Senate the overwhelming grassroots support behind the Industrial Hemp Farming Act.
As always, thank you for your continued support of this effort to restore industrial hemp as an agricultural commodity. Please share this with friends, family and any network that is willing to help with our cause.
About Vote Hemp
Vote Hemp is a national, single-issue, non-profit organization dedicated to the acceptance of and a free market for industrial hemp, low-THC oilseed and fiber varieties of Cannabis, and to changes in current law to allow U.S. farmers to once again grow the crop.
Web Site: http://www.VoteHemp.com
Support Vote Hemp
Vote Hemp depends entirely on donations to support our work. Please consider making a donation today.
Contribute Here: http://www.VoteHemp.com/contribute
Vote Hemp, Inc.
Colleen (Sauvé) Keahey
National Outreach Coordinator
Vote Hemp, Inc. | P.O. Box 1571 | Brattleboro | VT | 05302
*This post for “Vote Hemp” is a free service from Sheree Krider.
By David Sherfinski – The Washington Times – Friday, June 26, 2015
Sen. Rand Paul of Kentucky received the highest grade among more than 20 declared and potential 2016 presidential candidates in a voter guide released Friday by a marijuana policy group, while New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie and former Sen. Rick Santorum of Pennsylvania fared the worst.
Mr. Paul, received a grade of “A-” from the Marijuana Policy Project. The group said his grade was based largely on his sponsorship of a medical marijuana bill, support for reducing marijuana-related penalties and support for allowing states to regulate marijuana for adult use.
Mr. Christie and Mr. Santorum, meanwhile, two other GOP contenders, both received a grade of “F” “because they oppose reform efforts and they are the most vocal supporters of enforcing federal prohibition laws in states that have made marijuana legal,” the group said.
“Some of these guys who tout states’ rights, fiscal responsibility, and getting the government out of people’s private lives want to use federal tax dollars to punish adults for using marijuana in states that have made it legal,” said Mason Tvert, a spokesman for the group. “They say using marijuana is immoral or just too dangerous to allow, but serve alcohol, a more dangerous substance, at their fundraisers. The hypocrisy is astonishing.”
Former Texas Gov. Rick Perry scored the second best among Republicans with a “B,” with the group citing his stated support for reducing penalties for marijuana possession.
On the Democratic side, former Sen. Jim Webb of Virginia and former Rhode Island Gov. and U.S. Sen. Lincoln Chafee fared the best with a grade of “B+.” The group cited Mr. Webb’s stated support for overhauling the criminal justice reform system and Mr. Chafee’s signing a marijuana decriminalization into law in 2013.
Former Secretary of State and 2016 Democratic presidential front-runner Hillary Rodham Clinton got a “B-,” with the group citing a willingness to support more research into potential benefits of medical marijuana.
Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. was the lowest among Democrats with a “D.” The group cited his spearheading legislation to create a federal “drug czar” and mandatory minimum sentencing for marijuana-related offenses.
The full guide can be found on the group’s website.
Originally posted on Engineering Evil:
By ELIZABETH WARMERDAM
SAN FRANCISCO (CN) – The Environmental Protection Agency on Thursday agreed to analyze effects of glyphosate and three other commonly used pesticides on 1,500 endangered plants and animals in the United States.
The settlement with the Center for Biological Diversity came more than 8 years after the environmental group sued the EPA, claiming it shirked its responsibilities for decades by refusing analyze pesticides’ effects on endangered species.
The EPA agreed to complete assessments of the impact of glyphosate, atrazine and two other pesticides on endangered species by 2020.
Glyphosate, the primary ingredient in Monsanto’s Roundup, is the most commonly used agricultural chemical in the United States.
France banned the sale of Roundup at garden centers throughout the country last week, two months after the International Agency for Research on Cancer declared glyphosate a probable human carcinogen.
Atrazine is mainly used on corn, sugarcane and sorghum, and also…
View original 806 more words
IMMEDIATELY STOP FEDERAL FUNDING for a pharmaceutical drug to treat "MARIJUANA ADDICTION". THIS IS PREPOSTEROUS!
The Washington Times reported on 6/26/15 that the Federal Government is “fast tracking” Pharma research for a Marijuana addiction drug. The research gets $3 million grant as Obama encourages legalization of Cannabis.
This is just too much! We do not need a “drug” to detoxify us from Cannabis! We need more Hemp and Cannabis Oil for Medical use,
Stop the funding effective immediately and give that $3 Million to a better cause.
Fact: GW Pharma has concluded that “Cannabis is not addictive” according to their ad for SATIVEX (which has not been approved for marketing in the U.S. as of yet — And SHOULD BE!). It additionally states that it does not appear to have withdrawal effects when stopped suddenly”…
Stop the INSANITY NOW! Stop the funding for an addiction drug for Cannabis!
Published Date: Jun 26, 2015
PLEASE SIGN PETITION ABOVE!!!
CARSON CITY, NV–(Marketwired – Jun 22, 2015) – Rapid Fire Marketing (OTC PINK: RFMK), a developer and reseller of herbal vaporizers, announced today that the Company has acquired assets, including equipment as well as a land lease, to begin Industrial Hemp farming in California.
In addition to the Company’s vaporizers, including the PocketPuffer™ Dry Herbal Vaporizer, this acquisition of equipment and land lease represents a second division of Rapid Fire Marketing’s business — Industrial Hemp Farming. It is the Company’s plan to set up multiple business divisions to diversify income streams and to get the Company to cash flow positive as soon as possible.
All of the equipment needed for the Company’s industrial hemp farm, including a skip loader tractor, 2,000 gallon capacity water truck, water storage tank which holds 25,000 gallons and harvesting equipment, was purchased by the Company through an asset purchase agreement for $90,000.
Within the next 30 days, the Company will begin preparation of farmland for industrial hemp farming. The land will be cleared of rocks and debris and plowed to enable the Company to begin planting immediately upon receiving a permit from the State of California Department of Agriculture.
The 66-acre farm is located in the Inland Empire section of California. All capital equipment is operational and ready to commence preparing land for industrial hemp farming. Four crops per year can be harvested on the available land. Net profits for an acre of hemp range from $200-400 per acre, which makes hemp one of the most valuable crops in the world. Therefore, the Company expects around $80,000 in net profits the first year once the permit is received and planting begins. As crops are sold, the profits generated will be used to obtain additional acreage for expansion of the business available for lease.
Industrial Hemp Industry
Industrial Hemp is currently legal to grow in more than 30 countries including Canada, Germany, England, France, Spain, Australia, New Zealand, the Russian Federation, China, Hungary and Romania. The United States currently imports all hemp products.
California is one of fifteen states (the others are Arkansas, Hawaii, Illinois, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, North Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia) that have passed pro-hemp laws or resolutions. An additional thirteen states have considered pro-hemp legislation or resolutions.
On February 7, 2014, President Obama signed the Farm Bill of 2013 into law. Section 7606 of the act, “Legitimacy of Industrial Hemp Research”, defines Industrial Hemp as distinct from marijuana and, in states where hemp is legal to grow, authorizes institutions of higher education or State departments of agriculture to grow hemp for research or agricultural pilot programs. Since industrial hemp has not been grown in the United States since 1957, there is a strong need for research to develop new varieties of industrial hemp that grow well in various states and meet current market demands. Every state where industrial hemp is legal to grow will provide their own licensing requirements, which is currently underway in the majority of states that have legalized the cultivation of industrial hemp including California.
The Permit Process
California is currently putting the infrastructure in place to facilitate the aforementioned permit process. As of now, it is unknown how long the process will take. In the meantime, the Company is actively executing employment contracts into place as well as the infrastructure to begin industrial hemp farming as soon as it is possible.
Why Industrial Hemp?
Rapid Fire Marketing’s new business plan is the production of industrial hemp to benefit from the recent deregulation of Industrial Hemp throughout the United States. Once harvesting begins, Industrial Hemp will then be sold to processors of the fibrous plant. Industrial Hemp has no psychoactive properties in any part of the plant and is cultivated as an agricultural field crop. The plant grows as a stalk to a height of 4 to 15 feet within 90-110 days. Industrial Hemp produces more fiber, food and oil than any other plant on the planet.
Tom Allinder, CEO of Rapid Fire Marketing, said, “This has been in process for a long time, but we are expanding our business from just vaporizers to the industrial hemp industry. It is important for our shareholders to understand that the industrial hemp farming is an addition to our business; it does not represent a change or switch in our business.”
Allinder continued, “I have visited the farm and we have plenty of work to do prior to getting a permit. We are going to use a bulldozer to remove some of the rocks and level the land to make it easier to plant and harvest. At first, I was hesitant about any sort of farming in California due to the water shortage but this property has two deep productive water wells on it. The equipment is all in good working order and we are looking forward to getting to work.”
Allinder went on to say, “We are in the process of setting up a new website for Rapid Fire Marketing which will cover our Vaporizer division and our Industrial Hemp Farming division in comprehensive detail. After years of work organizing the public side of this Company, I am excited about getting the business side going.”
Investor Signup future Press Release Distribution by e-Mail
Shareholders and interested investors are invited to be added to the corporate e-mail database for future press releases and industry updates by signing up on the website or by sending an e-mail with “RFMK” in the subject line to firstname.lastname@example.org.
About Rapid Fire Marketing, Inc.
Rapid Fire Marketing, Inc. is a developer and reseller of herbal vaporizers. The core strategy is to maximize revenues in the rapidly expanding vaporizer industry. The Company has also acquired assets in connection with the development of a new business division in Industrial Hemp farming. Rapid Fire Marketing also looks to invest and do joint ventures with companies with established revenue streams that are looking to grow their businesses. Rapid Fire Marketing is also looking to grow through acquisitions of companies or technologies that are synergistic with our business plan.
From time to time, the Company may issue news releases that contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and is subject to the safe harbor created by those sections. This material may contain statements about expected future events and/or financial results that are forward-looking in nature and subject to risks and uncertainties. For those statements, the Company claims the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statement provisions contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and any amendments thereto. Any statements that express or involve discussions with respect to predictions, expectations, beliefs, plans, projections, objectives, goals, assumptions, or future events or performance are not statements of historical fact and may be “forward-looking statements.” “Forward-looking statements” are based upon expectations, estimates and projections at the time the statements are made that involve a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those anticipated.
Rapid Fire Marketing, Inc.
The following was copied from a Google news search for “Marijuana” on 6.16.15 at 11:48pm CST. The link to the story has been “deleted”.
Wisconsin Ag Connection
– 17 hours ago
Monsanto has announced it has patented the first genetically modified strain of marijuana. Global Ag Investing reports that the news has been welcomed by scientists and leaders of the agriculture business alike as a move forward towards the industrial …
DEA Wants the Feds to Grow More Marijuana (Again)Marijuana.com
I also found this information, dated June 7, 2014 which states the following:
U.S. corporation Monsanto plans to launch production of genetically modified marijuana, and companies such as Drug Policy Alliance y Open Society Foundation are going to create our own brand, which will be produced under cannabis, information portal La Red 21.
Organization of Open Society Foundation is under the control of the shareholder Monsanto, billionaire George Soros. Company Drug Policy Alliance y Open Society Foundation, funded by Monsanto will be responsible for market development of transgenic seeds of marijuana, particularly in Uruguay.
Oddly enough, the “Link” above goes to another “Page not found (404)” error…
When I searched Google for “Monsanto Develops First Genetically Modified Strain of Marijuana” I found the following:
A “BOT” picked up the story on the DPA site rendering this screen shot:
My question is this: Who is trying to hide what from whom and why? The story has been picked up by numerous blog sites:
Whatever the reason for the secrecy or attempt thereof, this is a story that should be closely watched as the “Billionaire Cannabis Club” is “Now Open”….
More, bigger plots coming, advocate says
- By Eli Pace, New Era editor
If last year’s industrial hemp planting was a trial run, this year Christian County hemp farmers are going all out with what’s expected to be 85 total acres of the crop spread across four local pilot projects.
The first pilot went into the ground Friday at Jeff Davis’ Pembroke farm, said Katie Moyer, a local hemp advocate who’s been heavily involved in the push to legalize the crop, which can be used to make everything from paper to plastics.
“It was actually done in record time,” Moyer said of Davis’ second hemp planting. “He got the seed Friday and planted Friday evening.”
Winner of the chamber’s 2015 Famer of the Year award, Davis planted a half-acre of hemp last year on his 1,300-acre farm. This time, according to Moyer, he put down about five acres’ worth of seeds on a different strip of land.
That’s a small chunk of the roughly 85 acres that’s expected to be planted across the four local pilots, but depending on how far the seed goes, Moyer said, the actual acreage could be a little more or a little less.
Compared to the two half-acre pilots planted last year in Christian County, that’s quite the step up.
“Yeah, big time,” Moyer said.
If everything goes according to plan, seed for the largest of the Christian County hemp pilots could be planted as early as Tuesday. When the seeds sprout, the crop should be visible from the Pennyrile Parkway at the Crofton interchange.
“This one is going to be very big and very visible,” Moyer said, adding that, because of media coverage and increased hemp awareness, more and more Kentucky farmers are showing interest in the crop.
“People really had an opportunity to see what was going on (last year). It’s like a snowball effect. We’re definitely a lot busier now than we were last year.”
In line with that growth, Moyer and a handful of individuals have formed a new company called “Legacy Hemp.”
Reached over the phone Monday, Moyer said she was working on filing the necessary paperwork with the Kentucky Secretary of State for what is to be a certified seed breeder that’s being created to sell hemp seed to Kentucky farmers and facilitate some of the processing that’s involved with taking the crop to market. A company website is in the works.
“Because everything is so new, we’re really feeling things out,” she said.
Moyer explained that, more than anything, she hopes people realize industrial hemp is not marijuana.
The two are related plant species, but hemp contains only trace amounts of THC, the chemical that can register as high as 30 percent or more in marijuana and produces intoxicating effects in humans.
Because of the high visibility of this year’s crops, Moyer also said she hopes any would-be pot users don’t make the mistake of thinking hemp is an illicit crop, try to smoke it or steal any of the hemp plants to sell for a profit.
Reach Eli Pace at 270-887-3235 or email@example.com.